North Korea’s risk escalation and the impact on markets. Read more...
North Korea has recently carried out two successful intercontinental ballistic missile tests—the second one, in particular, demonstrating the potential capability to strike West Coast U.S. targets.
In response to strong rhetoric from U.S. President Trump, North Korea proceeded to launch a missile over Japan’s northern Hokkaido island, marking a new level of risk escalation.
In recent weeks, the reaction in major markets to the escalating tensions has been reasonably measured. However, the missile launch over Japan has caused global equity markets to pull back in early trading. Safe havens like gold have rallied, and the euro and yen have risen versus the U.S. dollar.
While military options are on the table, any immediate risk of conflict remains low, in our view. Ultimately, we see a resumption of the uneasy stalemate between the two nations as the most likely outcome.
August 31, 2017
Christopher J. Kushlis, CFA, Asia Sovereign Analyst, London
Growing bond market risks may require more caution, focusing on local emerging market debt, floating rate loans, and strong corporates. Read more...
Central bank and government actions will come under increasing scrutiny as investors look for further signs that accommodative monetary policy is ending.
Any signals that the Federal Reserve and People’s Bank of China may tighten further, or that the European Central Bank will begin tightening, will likely cause yields to spike and volatility to increase.
Political risk also remains a concern in the U.S., Europe, and certain emerging markets.
In this environment, investors may find it prudent to focus on areas such as local emerging market debt, floating rate bank loans, and strong developed world corporate debt.
To protect against economic uncertainty associated with Brexit, we are defensive on gilts and sterling while seeking idiosyncratic opportunities. Read more...
We believe the economic impact of Brexit has been delayed rather than avoided and will probably begin to be properly felt later this year.
Our base case is that, barring a major political change of course in the UK during the next year or so, a “hard-ish” Brexit is still the most likely outcome, meaning the country falls upon World Trade Organization terms soon after March 2019, if not immediately.
It is reasonable to assume that a prolonged period of economic uncertainty would follow the UK’s exit from the EU, possibly exacerbated by a wider global economic slowdown.
We therefore remain defensively positioned in both gilts and sterling. Volatile price movements may mean that short-term buying opportunities arise, but the possibility of a hard Brexit means that the environment for UK investment is likely to be uncertain.
The Bank of England is ill-equipped to deal with a possible UK economic slowdown, so it may pay to remain cautious on gilts and sterling. Read more...
Article 50 has been invoked and the UK must leave the European Union (EU) by the end of March 2019. Negotiations over the terms of the UK’s exit—and its future trading relationship with the EU—are likely to be conducted in a tense atmosphere, making it difficult to agree on a deal before the deadline.
The prospect of no deal being struck and the UK switching immediately to World Trade Organization terms is higher than is currently priced in by the markets—and could have a major negative impact on the country’s economy.
If this happens, the Bank of England has few tools at its disposal to help reignite growth—there is hardly any scope to cut interest rates and little appetite to extend quantitative easing.
Fiscal measures such as helicopter money may be considered, though this would bring its own risks. As such, we believe it will pay to remain cautious on gilts and sterling for the foreseeable future, although price volatility may present some buying opportunities.
T. Rowe Price research suggests that allocations to real assets equities and inflation-indexed bonds can improve overall portfolio performance by dampening the volatility of both nominal and real returns during inflationary periods. Read more...
Even at relatively low levels, inflation can substantially reduce real portfolio returns over time.
Unexpected inflation can do the most damage, suggesting that inflation protection should not just be a tactical position in response to current events.
Different real assets have shown varying return and correlation patterns across different inflation environments.
TIPS have had a high correlation to unexpected inflation and thus provide protection against the damage it can do to longer-term returns.
Joe Lynagh, the T. Rowe Price Ultra Short-Term Bond Fund’s portfolio manager, discusses higher-yielding cash management solutions. Read more...
Even after several rate hikes, the hunt for higher yield and income continues as investors create new demand for high-quality short-dated investment alternatives.
The 2016 money market fund reforms not only changed the overall composition of the money fund industry, they also permanently transformed the cash management industry from a “one-size-fits-all” money market fund industry into a more dynamic cash investment solution industry.
As a result of investors’ search for high yields and money fund reform, investment strategies like T. Rowe Price’s Ultra Short-Term Bond Fund have grown in popularity as they can offer investors a way of increasing yield and income while sacrificing only a bit of price stability.
T. Rowe Price’s Ultra Short-Term Bond Fund seeks to provide more income than a money market fund by taking on slightly more risk.
Questions remain about how the U.S. tax reform legislation passed at the end of 2017 will affect supply and demand in the municipal bond market in 2018. Read more...
While the reduction in the corporate tax rate has made the tax advantages of holding munis for banks and insurance companies less pronounced, we expect most of these corporations to maintain the majority of their holdings in the sector.
A provision in the new law that eliminates the tax exemption on advance refunding bonds, which are issued to retire older, higher-cost debt, is likely to reduce the supply of new bonds in the muni market by 10% to 20%.
If the muni market does experience volatility and yield ratios become more attractive relative to Treasuries, we would generally see this as a potential buying opportunity due to the continued long-term attractiveness of the sector.
We believe leveraged loans are a compelling option for fixed income investors seeking a low-duration, higher-yielding asset class and... Read more...
Loan funds experienced positive flows in 2017, and this trend is likely to continue as investors gravitate toward the protection from higher rates offered by the floating rate feature of bank loans.
Although resilient demand has allowed companies to lower their borrowing costs on existing loans, the rise of LIBOR has outpaced the growth of refinancing transactions, meaning that the rate reset feature of the asset class helped mitigate the loss of coupon for investors.
Bank loans are a true floating rate asset again because the benefits of resetting bank loan coupons have come to fruition as LIBOR has risen above floor levels.
Although troubled market segments such as retail are likely to experience more bankruptcies in 2018, we believe the default rate will remain comfortably below the long-term average, as earnings growth and mostly favorable macro conditions should be supportive for borrowers.
Being defensive did not pay off last year, but we believe that positioning for volatility is the best approach for 2018. Read more...
2017 was notable for the calmness of markets. This was beneficial for equity investors, but it led to underperformance in our Dynamic Global Bond fund1 because of the defensive stance we maintained throughout the year.
This was disappointing, but we strongly believe that our positioning in 2017 was correct given the number of risks present in the market at the time.
Geopolitical risks will continue to challenge the global economy in 2018, inflation could make a comeback and a number of developed market central banks are set to begin hiking rates. Concerns over these developments have already led to increased volatility.
As such, we believe that positioning the fund's portfolio for further volatility and rising yields will help deliver competitive results this year.
The latest edition of T. Rowe Price Investor magazine is now available. Read more...
The idea of the “longevity bonus”—the increasing odds of living another 30 years or more beyond the traditional retirement age of 65—was received with a wide range of emotions in a recent T. Rowe Price study.
Find out how equities can play an important role in a long-term portfolio.
Artificial intelligence is disrupting industries and providing new investment opportunities.
Timothy Murray explains why emerging markets are now a different animal from what they were and why this has implications for asset allocators. Read more...
Emerging markets have evolved, and investors now need to look at them through a different lens.
Infrastructure-driven sectors have become much less important drivers of performance, while consumer-oriented sectors have dramatically increased in importance.
For tactical asset allocation purposes, the outlook for commodity prices is still quite important to the relative performance of emerging markets equities, but it is now part of a much broader mosaic of factors.
Partially due to the ongoing trend toward more domestically driven economies, emerging market fundamentals are becoming more impacted by country-specific factors, making broad generalizations about the asset class more and more difficult.
This makes evaluation more complex for tactical asset allocation purposes, but it also means that the alpha potential for active management is higher.
A variety of risk factors lead us to believe that volatility across fixed income sectors will increase in 2018, so we favor meaningful allocations to liquid sectors to facilitate tactical portfolio shifts in response to a risk event. Read more...
Although markets have thus far shrugged off risks, including North Korean nuclear tests as well as expected actions by many developed market central banks to unwind their ultra-accommodative monetary policies, we think that is unlikely to persist through 2018.
The potential risks that could shake up fixed income markets include a surprise in developed market politics, a breakdown in the NAFTA negotiations, escalating geopolitical tensions, and an abrupt slowdown in the Chinese economy.
With some major developed market central banks beginning to scale back their extremely accommodative monetary policies, there is the potential for increased volatility if markets misjudge the speed or timing of the normalization process.
Maintaining meaningful allocations to liquid sectors allows us tactical flexibility should volatility create pricing dislocations and more favorable valuations in credit sectors.
Social Security is not a simple benefit system. It is worth learning about the rules of the program and understanding how benefits are calculated so you can make informed decisions on your claiming strategy.
Because Social Security is a significant, inflation-adjusted source of steady income, it should be an important part of your holistic income strategy in retirement.
Social Security claiming is not one size fits all. There are specific considerations for you to think through if you are single, married, divorced, or widowed.
While taking RMDs from tax-deferred retirement accounts is mandatory at age 70½, you may not need to spend this money. You have options of reinvesting it in a taxable account or donating it to charity. Read more...
At age 70½, you will need to start taking an RMD from your tax-deferred retirement accounts.
The money can be invested in a taxable, nonretirement account.
You could also contribute the RMD to a Roth IRA account if you have earned income and meet the income limits.
You can transfer your RMD to a charity using a qualified charitable distribution (QCD).
RMDs can also be contributed to a 529 College Savings plan.
Once investors turn age 70½, they will need to take required minimum distributions (RMDs) from their retirement accounts, whether they need the money or not. Read more...
For IRAs, you must take your first RMD by April 1 of the year after the year you turn age 70½—regardless of whether or not you are retired. For each following year, you must take an RMD by December 31.
If you have multiple IRAs, you must calculate the appropriate RMD for each one. The total distribution amount can be taken from one or more IRAs to satisfy the withdrawal—as long as the total RMD amount is withdrawn.
If you have multiple prior employer retirement accounts (401(k)s, etc.) you will have to contact your prior employer to calculate the RMD and send you a distribution.
Once the RMD is distributed, you don’t have to spend it, but it cannot remain in the tax-deferred account.
We expect inflation to reach 2% or higher in 2018 as a result of continuing solid growth in the broader economy and a tightening labor market. Read more...
We believe that the sub-2% annualized consumer price index readings we saw during the summer represented a low for the current inflation cycle, and we expect inflation rates will stabilize or run moderately higher in the near term, followed by 2%—or higher—inflation in 2018.
U.S. Treasury inflation protected securities (TIPS) have yet to price in the potential uptick in inflation, providing some upside potential for TIPS investors if inflation does return to trend at 2% or higher over the next year.
Increasing price pressure from the tightening employment market, the weaker U.S. dollar, and relatively stable oil prices are likely to contribute to rising inflation.
The Federal Reserve, which has made it clear recently that its focus on the tightening labor market and easy financial conditions will take precedence over inflation readings that fall short of its 2% annual target, stands as the most prominent obstacle to higher inflation and will likely serve as a cap on TIPS performance in the medium term.
Overall, the U.S. tax reform measure highlights the importance of a planning strategy that can adapt to change. Read more...
The U.S. tax reform measure will have wide-reaching effects on investors. We believe a planning strategy based on fundamental principles is the best response.
While the biggest changes relate to business taxation, the measure also reduces individual tax rates. Those individual changes will revert to 2017 levels after eight years unless Congress takes further action.
Considering the temporarily lower rates and future uncertainty, investors may want to consider contributing to Roth accounts.
Lower taxes may help people to boost their retirement savings to the 15% or more of current salary (including employer matches) that we typically recommend.
Given the complexities and uncertainties associated with the new tax measure, we strongly recommend that investors consult with their professional tax advisors.
Some emerging market currencies are poised to gain in 2018 even after the impressive 2017 returns for many against the U.S. dollar, but investors will need to be increasingly selective in their positioning. Read more...
We believe many of the broad trends that drove gains in emerging market currencies against the U.S. dollar last year are likely to continue in 2018.
We use an assessment of a currency’s relative valuation versus fundamental factors to help find opportunities in emerging market currencies.
The currencies of emerging markets that are poised to tighten monetary policy as a result of strong growth or high inflation are likely to be supported, as are those of countries that are implementing meaningful structural reforms.
Several major emerging markets will hold elections in 2018, and we expect the outcomes of these elections, as well as sentiment leading up to the votes, to be meaningful idiosyncratic drivers of currencies for those countries.
Meet the challenge of saving for college with less stress and more confidence. Our experts explore the ins and outs of college saving strategies.
In this podcast, Lynnette Khalfani-Cox, who’s also known as The Money Coach®, is joined by Robert Farrington, founder of The College Investor, and Roger Young, a CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ at T. Rowe Price.
The panel will address questions, including: How do you estimate future college costs? What’s the difference between a 529 savings plan and Uniform Gifts to Minors Act/Uniform Transfers to Minors Act accounts?
In a segment called “The Big Picture,” the panel takes a step back and discusses what listeners need to consider to make paying for college a reality. Tune in to hear their tips.
When faced with conflicting financial priorities, how do you decide where to put your next dollar? Our experts share their perspectives on which savings and spending choices to consider. Read more...
In this podcast, Lynnette Khalfani-Cox, who’s also known as The Money Coach®, is joined by guests Kimberly Palmer, author of “Smart Mom, Rich Mom,” and Judith Ward, a CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ at T. Rowe Price, to answer some tough questions on prioritization.
The panel will address questions, including: What are three things to consider when choosing where to put your next dollar? How does proximity to retirement play a role in where to put your next dollar? Are there any tricks or questions to ask yourself when deciding between two financial priorities?
In a segment called “This or That?,” the experts weigh the pros and cons of a common financial conflict: Should you save for emergencies or pay off a credit card? Tune in to hear their advice.
If your retirement is right around the corner, new questions are likely surfacing. Our experts will help answer some of the ones most commonly asked. Read more...
In this podcast, Lynnette Khalfani-Cox, who’s also known as The Money Coach®, is joined by guests Kerry Hannon, AARP’s Jobs Expert and Great Jobs columnist, and Roger Young, a CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ at T. Rowe Price.
The panel will address questions, including: How do you know if you have enough saved for retirement? If you haven’t saved enough for retirement, what are your options to catch up? When should you consolidate your retirement assets?
In a segment called “Keeping You Up at Night,” the experts address a common concern: Will I have enough money to live comfortably in retirement? Tune in to hear their advice.
Estate planning can be less intimidating when you’re armed with practical strategies that can provide peace of mind when you think about the afterlife of your money.
In this podcast, Lynnette Khalfani-Cox, who’s also known as The Money Coach®, is joined by guests Jeffrey Condon, author of “Beyond the Grave: The Right Way and the Wrong Way of Leaving Money to Your Children (and Others),” and Roger Young, a CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ at T. Rowe Price, to tackle the subject.
The panel will address questions, including: What are the various components of an estate plan? Is it expensive to develop an estate plan? What happens if you don’t have an estate plan?
In a segment called “This or That?,” the experts discuss the pros and cons of two choices: liquidation of assets versus distribution of items. Tune in to hear their advice.
It's challenging to focus on something that seems so far away. With our experts’ help, you can develop a more comprehensive understanding of how to build a solid retirement plan. Read more...
In this podcast, Lynnette Khalfani-Cox, who’s also known as The Money Coach®, is joined by guests Christine Benz, director of personal finance and senior columnist for Morningstar.com, and Judith Ward, a CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ at T. Rowe Price.
The panel will address questions, including: At what age should you begin to focus on your retirement plan? How do you know how much you will need to save for retirement? What are the different ways to save for retirement?
In a segment called “This or That?,” the panel discusses the pros and cons of saving for retirement versus paying down debt. Tune in to hear their advice.
When you start collecting Social Security, it can have a big impact on your retirement income. Our experts will discuss tips to help determine the right Social Security strategy for you. Read more...
In this podcast, Lynnette Khalfani-Cox, who’s also known as The Money Coach®, is joined by guests Philip Moeller, author of “Get What's Yours: The Secrets to Maxing Out Your Social Security,” and Judith Ward, a CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ at T. Rowe Price.
The panel will address questions, including: When will you be eligible for Social Security? What is full retirement age? How much can you expect to receive from Social Security? Why is there a deficiency in Social Security?
In a segment called “This or That?,” the panel discusses the pros and cons of claiming at different ages. Should you claim at age 62, claim at full retirement age, or claim at age 70 for the maximum benefit? Tune in to hear their advice.
We believe T. Rowe Price’s strategic investing approach, underpinned by the rigor of our independent research and the decision-making of our experienced portfolio managers, has created value for our clients over the longer term.
We reviewed the performance of 18 T. Rowe Price diversified active U.S. equity funds over the 20 years ending in 2017, or since inception in cases where the fund had less than a full 20-year track record. We found that the majority of funds generated positive average excess returns, net of fees, over their benchmarks across multiple time periods.1
The likelihood that T. Rowe Price’s diversified U.S. equity funds would outperform the relevant benchmarks increased as rolling time periods were extended.
We attribute our success to our ability to go beyond the numbers and get ahead of change, which we believe leads to better decision-making and prudent risk management on behalf of our clients.
The potential return of volatility could hurt investor portfolios, meaning a different approach to portfolio construction may be necessary. Read more...
Volatility has traditionally been a major consideration for investors, but in recent years it has been notable largely for its absence.
However, the withdrawal of quantitative easing, combined with geopolitical instability and the possibility of asset price corrections, could mean that volatility is set for a comeback.
The low-yield environment since the financial crisis has led many investors to build portfolios comprising highly correlated assets, potentially leading to significant losses if volatility returns.
Risk parity strategies work far less effectively when correlations increase. Given this, investors may find it beneficial to adopt a more active approach based on country and sector allocation and duration management.
The latest edition of the T. Rowe Price Report is now available. Read more...
Global monetary policies, while diverging, remain generally supportive of markets.
The pace of emerging markets growth has slowed, but these markets remain a growth story.
Active management is central to T. Rowe Price’s target date funds, and the outperformance demonstrated in our study was primarily driven by positive contributions from active security selection and tactical asset allocation.
New study of bear markets affirms guidance of 4% initial withdrawal.
Central bank tightening will create the biggest risks and opportunities in 2018. Read more...
The main risks and opportunities in 2018 will arise from central bank tightening: The risks will arise from the impact of a number of central banks tightening at the same time, and the opportunities will come from increased volatility and differentiation between markets.
Systematic risk factors do not currently offer good value for money because rates are low, credit is tight, and volatility is muted. One way of responding to this is to allocate more to idiosyncratic risk assets that are sufficiently driven by their own stories to behave differently than the broader market.
Insurance positions have not offered value for money in 2017 because the markets have not been moving sufficiently when negative events have occurred. However, this may change in 2018, and we think there are risks that would require some form of insurance.
The 2008 financial crisis forced regulators to take actions that they would previously never have considered in order to save the global economy. As a result, they will be psychologically better prepared to respond to the next one.
Recent strong, broad-based, synchronized economic growth across
Central and Eastern Europe has opened up a number of attractive relative value opportunities for fixed income investors. Read more...
Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) has recently benefited from strong, broad-based, synchronized economic growth that has exceeded market expectations, driven, in part, by robust levels of private consumption and investments.
In spite of this broadly coordinated growth, the expansion of CEE has been accompanied by a divergence in inflation dynamics and nuances in the reactions of central banks to growth.
This has opened up a number of attractive relative value opportunities for fixed income investors, although investors also need to be aware of certain idiosyncratic political risks facing the region.
The surge in Japanese corporate earnings growth supports our belief that Japan remains a compelling story, regardless of its economic growth and inflation profile. Read more...
Japanese companies recently achieved two significant milestones—generating record-level profits and surpassing the U.S. in delivering the best earnings growth of the past decade.
This reminds us that economic and corporate fundamentals are two very different considerations, especially in Japan.
The surge in earnings growth supports our belief that Japan remains a compelling cyclical and self-help growth story, regardless of its economic growth and inflation profile.
Central to this belief is the transformation occurring within Japan’s corporate sector, as reform is being prioritized. These efforts are positively impacting company profitability and capital allocation.
Investors waiting for stronger domestic growth and inflation in Japan are missing what is most important, namely accelerating company profits.
The looming prospect of the withdrawal of quantitative easing (QE) has raised concerns that uncertainty and volatility may reemerge. However, aggressive rate hikes may pose more of a risk. Read more...
Quantitative easing (QE) measures from central banks have suppressed a number of natural market forces in recent years, reducing uncertainty and dampening volatility.
Now, the looming prospect of central bank balance sheet retrenchment is raising fears that some of these forces may suddenly reemerge, leaving chaos in their wake.
But the withdrawal of QE is very likely to occur much more gradually than many investors expect, and its effects may not begin to be felt for some time to come. This will be supportive for wages, growth, and risk taking, which could prompt central banks to hike rates more aggressively than is currently priced in by the markets—a hidden risk that many investors are not prepared for.
As such, adopting an actively managed approach to bond investing, with exposure to a wide variety of sectors, may be the most prudent approach.
Within an environment of somewhat stretched valuations, there remain select pockets of value in both sovereign and corporate emerging markets bonds. Read more...
As a corollary of the recent run of positive performance in emerging markets debt, valuations have become somewhat stretched and dispersion has fallen—particularly in the larger emerging markets—leaving attractively valued opportunities fewer and farther between.
Within this environment there remain select pockets of value in both sovereign and corporate bonds, especially in some of the lesser-known emerging markets, where in-depth fundamental research is key.
We are managing these risks by positioning our portfolios more defensively while seeking idiosyncratic ideas and identifying active positions that still offer attractive value.
Strong credit fundamentals, a benign macroeconomic environment, and a glut of new issuance could present a range of attractive opportunities for investors in the European high yield sector, but... Read more...
An expected surge in issuance in the European high yield sector is likely to bring a number of compelling opportunities to market this year.
The sector currently benefits from higher credit quality and a more favorable macroeconomic environment than U.S. high yield.
U.S. investors who buy European high yield bonds and hedge their investments back into U.S. dollars can benefit from wider credit spreads than those available from U.S. high yield debt.
Selectivity is the key to navigating the sector, with an emphasis on companies with improving credit stories based on sound business plans.
Emerging market currency volatility can be muted by using relative value strategies that take advantage of price differentials between currencies. Read more...
Emerging market local debt has traditionally been a volatile sector, largely because of currency movements.
In fact, EM local debt can be considered as essentially comprising two different elements—a relatively high-yielding, low-duration bond portfolio and a volatile currency stream. A major challenge with managing the currency stream is that EM currencies can deviate from “fair value” for an extended period.
One way to hedge against currency risk is by adopting relative value strategies, which seek to take advantage of price differentials between pairs or sets of currencies.
Combined with careful security selection within the bond element of the portfolio, relative value strategies can help to deliver smoother, more predictable returns.
In this interview, Archibald Ciganer, manager of the Japan Fund, discusses what’s driving the Japanese economy and equities and his expectations going forward. Read more...
By the end of 2017, the Japanese economy had recorded eight straight quarters of expansion, its longest growth streak since the 1980s, and, in January of this year, the Nikkei 225 Index hit its highest level since 1991.
He believes that the overall Japanese market is not expensive and that it’s not too late to invest because the improvements are taking place slowly and will continue for a long time.
The commodity downcycle that started in 2011 may last several more years, but even in commodity bear markets, there are attractive opportunities and periods where such stocks may perform well. Read more...
The surge in U.S. oil production and productivity and lower costs for energy exploration could keep oil prices relatively low longer term.
T. Rowe Price has invested in natural resource equities since 1969 and has developed the experience and resources needed to anticipate changing trends and take advantage of opportunities even during challenging environments.
We expect more failures in this commodity cycle than in the bear market of the 1980s.
April 27, 2018
Shawn T. Driscoll, Portfolio Manager of the New Era Fund
The current environment of synchronized global growth and low inflation is supportive of current U.S. equity valuations, in our view. On a fundamental basis, we are still seeing... Read more...
U.S. growth strategies have generally rewarded investors handsomely in recent times. That said, we are clearly in the late stages of the market cycle, and U.S. stock valuations are at the top end of their historical range.
However, the current environment of synchronized global growth and low inflation remains supportive of these valuation levels, in our view.
U.S. corporate earnings continue to come through strongly, boosted by recent U.S. tax reforms. However, even excluding the contribution from these tax cuts, on a fundamental basis, we are still seeing improving topline earnings growth from U.S. companies.
One of the key risks to the U.S. market outlook is that of a sharp acceleration in inflation. However, the influence of secular factors—for example, the cost reductions derived from new technologies—are, in part at least, having an offsetting impact on inflation.