The fund seeks to track the performance of a benchmark index that measures the investment return of large-capitalization U.S. stocks.
The fund attempts to match the investment return of large-capitalization U.S. stocks by seeking to match the performance of its benchmark index, the Standard & Poors 500 Stock Index (S&P 500). The fund uses a full replication strategy, which involves investing substantially all of its assets in all of the stocks in the S&P 500 and seeking to maintain holdings of each stock in proportion to its weight in the index.
Investors seeking capital appreciation over time who can accept the risk of loss inherent in common stock investing. Appropriate for both regular and tax-deferred accounts, such as IRAs.
“Standard & Poor’s”, “S&P”, “S&P 500”, “Standard & Poor’s 500”, and “500” are trademarks of the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., and have been licensed for use by T. Rowe Price Index Trust, Inc. This product is not sponsored, endorsed, sold, or promoted by Standard & Poor’s, and Standard & Poor’s makes no representation regarding the advisability of investing in the Equity Index 500 Fund.
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Index investing provides investors with a convenient and relatively low-cost way to approximate the performance of a particular market. Because the fund is passively managed, its expenses are lower than the average actively managed fund. Assuming all other factors are equal, lower expenses can increase a fund’s total return. Lower turnover should mean smaller capital gain distributions, which can raise a fund’s after-tax returns.
Stocks can decline for many reasons, including adverse political or economic developments here or abroad, changes in investor psychology, or heavy institutional selling. Because the fund is designed to track the S&P 500 Index, it does not have the flexibility to shift assets toward stocks or sectors that are rising or away from stocks or sectors that are declining. As a result, actively managed funds may outperform this fund.
* Annually we evaluate the standard deviation of each US mutual fund listed and its resulting placement within specific risk/return categories.
Methodology: If a fund is at least 5 year old, it is generally placed in risk/return categories based on the standard deviation of its performance for the longest period of its calendar year returns;
the longest time period used for analysis is 10 years (regardless of the fund's inception). If a fund is less than 5 years old, we generally use the fund's primary benchmark disclosed in its prospectus as a proxy and follow the same process of using 10-year standard deviation of the benchmark,
or longest time period available. The firm at its sole discretion may show a fund in a higher risk category based on qualitative or other factors that may differ from this methodology.
See Glossary for additional details on all data elements.
The mutual funds referred to in this website are offered and sold only to persons residing in the United States and are offered by prospectus only. The prospectuses include investment objectives, risks, fees, expenses, and other information that you should read and consider carefully before investing. Download a prospectus.