The fund seeks to match the performance of the entire U.S. stock market as represented by the S&P Total Market Index. Because the largest stocks in the index carry the most weight, large-capitalization stocks make up a substantial majority of the S&P Total Market Index's value.
The fund uses a sampling strategy, investing substantially all of its assets in a broad spectrum of small-, mid-, and large-cap stocks representative of the S&P Total Market Index. The fund does not attempt to fully replicate the index by owning each of the stocks in it. The index includes approximately 4,500 stocks.
Click on the risk/reward spectrum below to view the funds in that category
Index investing provides investors with a convenient and relatively low-cost way to approximate the performance of a particular market. Because the fund is passively managed, its expenses are lower than the average actively managed fund. Assuming all other factors are equal, lower expenses can increase a fund's total return. Lower turnover should mean smaller capital gain distributions, which can raise a fund's after-tax returns.
Stocks can decline for many reasons, including adverse political or economic developments here or abroad, changes in investor psychology, or heavy institutional selling. Because the fund is designed to track the S&P Total Market Index, it does not have the flexibility to shift assets toward stocks or sectors that are rising or away from stocks or sectors that are declining. As a result, actively managed funds may outperform this fund.
* Annually we evaluate the standard deviation of each US mutual fund listed and its resulting placement within specific risk/return categories.
Methodology: If a fund is at least 5 year old, it is generally placed in risk/return categories based on the standard deviation of its performance for the longest period of its calendar year returns;
the longest time period used for analysis is 10 years (regardless of the fund's inception). If a fund is less than 5 years old, we generally use the fund's primary benchmark disclosed in its prospectus as a proxy and follow the same process of using 10-year standard deviation of the benchmark,
or longest time period available. The firm at its sole discretion may show a fund in a higher risk category based on qualitative or other factors that may differ from this methodology.
See Glossary for additional details on all data elements.
The mutual funds referred to in this website are offered and sold only to persons residing in the United States and are offered by prospectus only. The prospectuses include investment objectives, risks, fees, expenses, and other information that you should read and consider carefully before investing. Download a prospectus.